4 edition of Methodological issues in controlled studies on effects of prenatal exposure to drug abuse found in the catalog.
Methodological issues in controlled studies on effects of prenatal exposure to drug abuse
by U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., distributor] in Rockville, MD, [Washington, DC
Written in English
|Statement||editors, M. Marlyne Kilbey, Khursheed Asghar.|
|Series||DHHS publication ;, no. (ADM) 91-1837, Research monograph ;, 114, NIDA research monograph ;, 114.|
|Contributions||Kilbey, M. Marlyne., Asghar, Khursheed., National Institute on Drug Abuse.|
|LC Classifications||RG627.6.N37 N48 1991|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||viii, 372 p. :|
|Number of Pages||372|
|LC Control Number||92201364|
controlled scientific studies in humans due to ethical factors.) A major problem in interpreting the results of human studies on prenatal drug effects is the extent to which the outcomes attributed to the drugs resulted from concurrent abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other Size: 34KB. Prenatal Exposure to Drugs of Abuse—May A Research Update from the National Institute on Drug Abuse Drug Abuse among Pregnant Women in the U.S. Exposure to substances of abuse can affect individuals across the lifespan, starting in utero.
of prenatal drug exposure highlights the effects of a single substance, in many of these studies polydrug exposure is more likely. The effects of poverty, poor maternal and in-fant health care and nutrition, lack of social support, and ongoing issues related to substance dependency further confound the study of developmental outcome and con-. effects of in utero exposure to drugs of abuse. Large percentages of both pregnant and non-pregnant women report past-month alcohol con-sumption and tobacco smoking, despite ubiq-uitous health warnings. An estimated % of pregnant women and % of nonpregnant women aged 15 to 44 years reported current al-cohol comsumption.1 In utero File Size: KB.
Purpose of review The present article is an update on the effects of drug abuse on pregnancy outcome.. Recent findings Substance abuse in pregnancy is on the increase worldwide. Simultaneously, there is great variability in prevalence rates in different countries, regions of countries and in different ethnic groups. Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with increased levels of irritability during infancy (Coles et al. ), 5 a temperamental variable known to contribute to poorer maternal attachment and behavioral problems in childhood (Kelly et al. ). 14 Two studies have found that children exposed prenatally to alcohol were rated by their teachers as less socially competent and .
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Drug exposure to the fetus: the effect of smoking / Betty R. Kuhnert --Pharmacokinetic correlates of fetal drug exposure / C. Lindsay DeVane --Discussion: methodological issues in controlled studies on effects of prenatal drugs / Hazel H.
Szeto --Selected methodologic issues in investigations of prenatal effects of cocaine: lessons from the. "Based on the papers and discussion from a technical review on 'Methodological Issues in Controlled Studies on Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Drugs of Abuse' held on June"--T.p.
verso. Shipping list no.: P. Includes bibliographical references. Other Form. Item C-8 S/N (GPO) "Based on the papers and discussion from a technical review on 'Methodological Issues in Controlled Studies on Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Drugs of Abuse' held on June"--T.p.
versoPages: This monograph presents the proceedings of the first National Institute on Drug Abuse technical review related to the conduct of controlled studies on prenatal exposure to drugs of abuse.
Papers in the monograph are categorized by session. The first session (two papers) focused on the detection and quantification of prenatal drug exposure in infants, including studies of the Cited by: 6.
Introduction. Substance abuse during pregnancy is a major public health concern that affects both the mother and the growing infant. 1 According to the U.S. National Survey on Drug Use and Health, % of all pregnant women reported current illicit drug use, % reported alcohol use, and % reported cigarette use.
2 However, the actual number of Cited by: Full text of "ERIC ED Methodological Issues in Controlled Studies on Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Drug ch Monograph " See other formats.
The teratologic model, 1 often used to guide prenatal drug exposure research, states the following: (1) the type and severity of outcomes are a function of the exposure dose, (2) effects are specific to the developmental stage when exposure occurred, (3) some effects may manifest only at later stages of development, and (4) outcomes reflect the Author: Gale A.
Richardson, Nancy L. Day. Studies show that various drugs may result in miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight, and a variety of behavioral and cognitive problems in the child. A baby can also be born dependent on the drug if the mother uses it regularly—a condition called neonatal abstinence syndrome.
Drugs that may have adverse prenatal effects: methamphetamine. Prenatal exposure to drugs of abuse: methodological considerations and effects on sexual differentiation. McGivern RF, Handa RJ. The pattern of results from the studies reviewed above indicates that alcohol, morphine, nicotine, marijuana, and possibly cocaine can influence reproductive aspects of the neurobehavioral sexual differentiation Cited by: To date, NIDA's longitudinal studies have confirmed that some children with prenatal cocaine exposure have problems with aspects of motor skills, IQ, fussiness and consolability, and attention span.
Executive function-the ability to gather and use information in pursuit of one's own aims-also may be compromised. NIDA-funded studies are beginning to show that children who have been prenatally exposed to illicit drugs may be at risk of later behavioral and learning difficulties.
Long-term studies using sophisticated assessment techniques indicate that prenatally exposed children may have subtle but significant impairments in their ability to regulate emotions and focus and sustain attention.
Prenatal Drug Exposure and Disruption of Attachment history of drug or alcohol abuse in any of the information Lori and Craig were able to gather, but from the moment of. ABSTRACT This manuscript provides an overview of the current scientific literature on the impact of maternal drug use, specifically opioids and cocaine, during pregnancy on the acute and long-term outcomes of infants and toddlers from birth through age 3 years.
Emphasis with regard to opioids is placed on heroin and opioid substitutes used to treat opioid Cited by: Request PDF | On Sep 1,J Niclasen and others published Prenatal exposure to alcohol and the developing fetus: Methodological issues | Find, read and cite all. The ramifications of drug abuse extend far beyond the individual drug abuser, because the health and social consequences of drug abuse HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome), violence, tuberculosis, fetal effects, crime, and disruptions in family, workplace, and educational environments ()-have devastating impacts on society and.
Prenatal exposure to nicotine has been linked to accelerated risk for different psychiatric disorders, including conduct disorder, attention deficit.
Other Health Effects In addition to the effects that various drugs may have on specific organs of the body, many drugs produce global body changes such as dramatic changes in appetite and increases in body temperature, which may impact a variety of health conditions.
Adoption & Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Exposure: Research, Policy, and Practice [Child Welfare League of America, Barth, Richard P., Freundlich, Madelyn, Brodzinsky, David] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Adoption & Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Exposure: Research, Policy, and Practice/5(5). Children With Prenatal Drug Exposure examines new medical approaches for predicting the developmental progress of children who have been exposed to drugs in utero. This book outlines effective methods for intervention and assessment and indicates future directions for investigation.
It provides practical and up-to-date information on treatments and research development. Eileen Wong, Sarah Guzofski, in Side Effects of Drugs Annual, Behavior. Prenatal exposure to cocaine is associated with behavioral problems in children of school age.
The degree to which sex-specific effects can be identified in relation to prenatal cocaine exposure was the focus of two studies by the same group of researchers. In the first study subjects, who had.
Prenatal drug exposure is a major public health concern for mothers and their children. In addition, society bears significant financial costs associated with social and child welfare services utilization [3, 4], neonatal intensive care unit costs, and longer hospital stays after delivery [3–8].Children with prenatal drug exposure are also more likely to need intervention services to Author: Jennifer Willford, Conner Smith, Tyler Kuhn, Brady Weber, Gale Richardson.
This minute webinar reviewed outcomes of longitudinal studies of children with prenatal drug exposure, and examined how the combination of prenatal exposure and environmental adversity can.Prenatal Drug Exposure: Effects on the Adolescent Brain and Behavior Development The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators.
Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.